Gum disease – also known as periodontal disease – is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth and it’s a major cause of tooth loss in adults.
But it’s usually painless, so you may not even know you have it.
It’s caused by plaque – a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth. These bacteria create toxins that can damage the gums.
The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. In this stage, the gums can become red, swollen, and bleed easily. At this stage, you can usually still reverse the disease by daily brushing and flossing.
The more advanced stage of gum disease is known as periodontitis. At this stage, the gums and bones that support the teeth can become seriously damaged. The teeth may then become loose, fall out, or have to be removed by a dentist.
It’s, therefore, very important to look out for any signs of gum disease. These signs include:
If you notice any of these signs, contact your dentist quickly, and they’ll help you take action to make improvements.